A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers. Determiners are used with nouns to clarify the noun.

Examples –

  • We live in the big house at the end of the block.
  • These apples are good.
  • The movie was excellent.

Types of Determiners

  • Articles – a, an, the
  • Possessive Pronouns – his, yours, theirs, ours, whose etc.
  • Numbers – one, two, three etc.
  • Indefinite Pronouns – few, more, each, every, either, all, both, some, any etc.
  • Demonstrative Pronouns – this, that, these, those, such

1-Articles – There are only three articles, and all of them are adjectives: a, an, and the. Because they are used to discuss non-specific things and people, a and an are called indefinite articles.

Examples –

  • I think an animal is in the garage.
  • I own a horse and two cats.
  • The girl sitting next to me raised her hand.

2-Possessive Pronouns – A possessive pronoun is a word that replaces a noun (or a noun phrase) in a sentence and shows ownership. The possessive pronouns are mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs.

Examples – (Mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs, whose)

  • This car is bigger than mine.
  • No, it’s yours.
  • Oliver found his clothes but Emma couldn’t find hers.

3-Numbers – Numbers are classified as determiner too.

Examples –

  • I have five
  • You have three
  • They have ten

4-Indefinite Pronouns- An indefinite pronoun does not refer to any specific person, thing or amount. It is vague and “not definite”.

Examples – all, another, any, anybody/anyone, anything, each, everybody/everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody/someone

  • Each of the players has a doctor.
  • I met two girls. One has given me her phone number.
  • Many have expressed their views.

5-Demonstrative Pronouns – Demonstrative pronouns are those that identify or point to a thing or things and occasionally persons. They can be both singular and plural and they refer to nouns that are either nearby or far away in time or space.

Examples – (This, that, those, these)

  • This is her car, and (further away) is mine.
  • These are my shoes.
  • That is incorrect.

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