A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers. Determiners are used with nouns to clarify the noun.
- We live in the big house at the end of the block.
- These apples are good.
- The movie was excellent.
Types of Determiners
- Articles – a, an, the
- Possessive Pronouns – his, yours, theirs, ours, whose etc.
- Numbers – one, two, three etc.
- Indefinite Pronouns – few, more, each, every, either, all, both, some, any etc.
- Demonstrative Pronouns – this, that, these, those, such
1-Articles – There are only three articles, and all of them are adjectives: a, an, and the. Because they are used to discuss non-specific things and people, a and an are called indefinite articles.
- I think an animal is in the garage.
- I own a horse and two cats.
- The girl sitting next to me raised her hand.
2-Possessive Pronouns – A possessive pronoun is a word that replaces a noun (or a noun phrase) in a sentence and shows ownership. The possessive pronouns are mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs.
Examples – (Mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs, whose)
- This car is bigger than mine.
- No, it’s yours.
- Oliver found his clothes but Emma couldn’t find hers.
3-Numbers – Numbers are classified as determiner too.
- I have five
- You have three
- They have ten
4-Indefinite Pronouns- An indefinite pronoun does not refer to any specific person, thing or amount. It is vague and “not definite”.
Examples – all, another, any, anybody/anyone, anything, each, everybody/everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody/someone
- Each of the players has a doctor.
- I met two girls. One has given me her phone number.
- Many have expressed their views.
5-Demonstrative Pronouns – Demonstrative pronouns are those that identify or point to a thing or things and occasionally persons. They can be both singular and plural and they refer to nouns that are either nearby or far away in time or space.
Examples – (This, that, those, these)
- This is her car, and (further away) is mine.
- These are my shoes.
- That is incorrect.