A noun is a word used to refer to people, animals, objects, substances, states, events, ideas and feelings. A noun functions as a subject or object of a verb and can be modified by an adjective.

Examples – John, lion, table, freedom, love

  • I live in United States of America.
  • Emma is my sister.
  • I love to play with my cat.

Different types of Nouns

There are different types of nouns:

  1. Abstract Noun – An Abstract Noun names an idea, event, quality, or concept (freedom, love, courage etc) Concrete nouns name something recognizable through the sense (table, dog, house etc)

Examples –

  • Love-Love is a wonderful thing!
  • Peace-Let there be peace on
  • Fear-I was full of fear.
  1. Compound Noun – A Compound nouns refer to two or more nouns combined to form a single noun (sister-in-law, schoolboy, fruit juice)

Examples –

  • Get your hair-cut today, please.
  • Emma is my girl-friend.
  • The Police-man rushed to the scene of the crime.
  1. Collective Noun – A collective noun describes a group of things or people as a unit (family, flock, audience)

Examples –

  • Our class took a field trip to the natural history museum.
  • We waited anxiously for the jury to come to a verdict.
  • Napoleon’s army was finally defeated at Waterloo.

Some Collective Nouns

  • Flock– A group of birds; also used to discuss small hooves animals such as sheep or goats.
  • Swarm– A group of insects.
  • Shoal– A group of fish.
  • Group– A very general term used to describe people, places, things, and animals.
  • Crowd– Usually used to describe a group of people.
  1. Common Noun – Common noun is the name of a group of similar things (table, book, window) Proper nouns, however, refer to the name of a single person, place or thing (John, Joseph, London)

Examples –

  • Let’s pick the yellow flowers for Dad.
  • I really like the song that is playing on the radio.
  • Sophia gives us homework every day of the week except Sunday.

More Examples of Common Nouns:

  • People: boy, man, teacher, nurse, firefighter, president
  • Places: house, yard, building, church, city, country, beach
  • Things: desk, phone, book, candle, pencil, basket, dog
  • Ideas: confidence, sadness, courage, speed
  1. Animate Noun – Animate nouns refer to a person, animal, or other creature (man, elephant, chicken etc) An inanimate noun refers to a material object (stone, wood, table etc)

Examples –

  • Tigers and Elephants are found throughout the country.
  • The young Lions are far more destructive than the old.
  • The new office block has become an expensive leopard.
  1. Countable Noun- Countable (or count) nouns have a singular and a plural form. In plural, these nouns can be used with a number- they can be counted. (Friends, chairs, houses, boys) Uncountable (or non count) nouns, however, can only be used in singular. They can’t be counted. (Money, bread, water, coffee)

Examples –

  • There are almost 35 restaurants in New York where I like to go.
  • We took many photographs when we went to Los Angeles.
  • I have only few

Plural Vs Singular

Nouns can be singular or plural. The plural form of a noun is usually formed by adding s at the end of the noun. But this is not always the case. There are exceptions to the rule. Some plurals are irregular.

Singular Vs Plural Examples –

Leaf – Leaves

Knife – Knives

Scarf – Scarves

Singular Examples –

  • girl was playing football in the ground.
  • My horse is hungry and tired.
  • There is only one window in that house.

Plural Examples –

  • My sisters have given me a gift.
  • That boy has been beaten up by those boys.
  • We have bought new brushes.

English Grammar Related Links

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