In grammar, a part of speech is a linguistic category of words. In English there are eight parts of speech.
In the English language, words can be considered as the smallest elements that have distinctive meanings. Based on their use and functions, words are categorized into several types or parts of speech. This article will offer definitions and examples for the 8 major parts of speech in English grammar:
A list of parts of speech
A list of parts of speech in English grammar include the following:
- Noun- A noun is a word used to refer to people, animals, objects, substances, states, events, ideas and feelings. A noun functions as a subject or object of a verb and can be modified by an adjective.
Examples – John, lion, table, freedom, love
- I live in United States of America.
- Emma is my sister.
- I love to play with my cat.
- Pronoun- A pronoun is used in the place of a noun or phrase.
Examples – I, you, he, she, it
- This House belongs to us.
- I won the race.
- The matter is between Olivia and me.
- Verb- A verb is used to show an action or a state of being
Examples – go, write, exist
- Sophia is throwing the ball.
- He accepted the job offer.
- The Dog sat by the window.
- Adjective- Adjectives are used to describe or specify a noun or pronoun
Examples – Good, beautiful, nice
- The gray tree is in my backyard.
- Skinny cats are not necessarily healthy.
- Hairless cats look like rats.
- Adverb- An adverb is used to modify a verb, adjective and other adverbs.
Examples – Completely, never, there, Slowly, Rapidly, Clumsily.
- Mia ran fast.
- Sophia is always on time.
- Yesterday, we learned about multiplication.
- Preposition- Prepositions are used before nouns to form a phrase that shows where, when, how and why
Examples – In, above, to, for, at
- I will have a tour in 2020.
- She will have her birthday on the 11th of August.
- He will meet you at night.
- Conjunction- Conjunctions join clauses or sentences or words
Examples – And, but, when
- He is very tired, yet he has lots of work to do.
- I like to read science books and story books.
- He often goes running or biking.
- Interjection- Interjections are used to show surprise or emotion.
Examples – Oh!, Hurrah!, Oops
- Hurrah! We have won the match.
- Oh, what’s a surprise?
- Oops, I’m sorry. That was my mistake.