Pronoun

A pronoun is used in the place of a noun or phrase. Or Pronouns are words that substitute a noun or another pronoun.

Examples – I, you, he, she, it, who, themselves.

  • This House belongs to us.
  • I won the race.
  • The matter is between Olivia and me.

Types of pronouns

1- Subject Pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, we, and they)

2- Object Pronouns (Me, you, him, her, it, us, and them)

3- Reflexive Pronouns (Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves)

4- Possessive Pronouns (Mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs)

5- Demonstrative Pronouns (This, that, those, these)

6- Relative Pronouns (Who, which, that, whose)

  • Subject Pronouns – Subject pronouns are used as grammatical subjects in a sentence. A subject pronoun does the action of the sentence instead of receiving the action, as an object/objective pronoun does.

Subject pronouns are used to replace the subject (person or thing) of a verb.

We do NOT normally say:

Olivia is tall and Olivia is intelligent.

Saying the word “Olivia” twice is repetitive and does not sound natural.

We replace the Subject (Olivia) that appears the second time with a subject pronoun to avoid repetition (and in this case to avoid saying the name Olivia again.)

So we would say:

Olivia is tall and she is intelligent.

We replace the second “Olivia” with the Subject Pronoun “She“.

Examples –  (I, you, he, she, it, we, and they)

  • I am from United States of America.
  • My friends and I are having a great time!
  • The time is seven o’clock.
  • Object Pronouns – Object pronouns are used as grammatical objects in the sentence: the direct or indirect object of a verb or the object of a preposition. An object pronoun receives the action instead of doing the action itself. They are contrasted with subject/subjective pronouns.

Examples – (Me, you, him, her, it, us, and them)

  • I like you but you don’t like me.
  • He loves sitting next to her.
  • She always writes e-mails to us.
  • Reflexive Pronouns – Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject and the object in a sentence are the same person.

Examples – (Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves)

  • She looked at herself in the mirror.
  • He injured himself during the game.
  • Emma herself cooked dinner, not her mother.
  • Possessive Pronouns – A possessive pronoun is a word that replaces a noun (or a noun phrase) in a sentence and shows ownership. The possessive pronouns are mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs.

Examples – (Mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs)

  • This car is bigger than mine.
  • No, it’s yours.
  • Oliver found his clothes but Emma couldn’t find hers.
  • Demonstrative Pronouns – Demonstrative pronouns are those that identify or point to a thing or things and occasionally persons. They can be both singular and plural and they refer to nouns that are either nearby or far away in time or space.

Examples – (This, that, those, these)

  • This is her car, and (further away) is mine.
  • These are my shoes.
  • That is incorrect.
  • Relative Pronouns – Relative pronouns introduce a relative clause – either as a subject (who, which, that), or as a direct object (whom, which, that), or in the context of a prepositional phrase (to whom, with which, by which, etc). They are called “relative” because in a declarative sentence, they relate to a noun that has normally just been mentioned.

Examples – (Who, which, that, whose)

  • Her new laptop, which she bought last week, is very expensive.
  • The girl whom he met last week is very nice.
  • This is the woman who sold me a stolen mobile phone

English Grammar Related Links

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