In grammar, a sentence is the basic grammatical unit. It contains a group of words and expresses a complete thought. Sentence allows us to package information so that we can express ourselves clearly and understand what others have expressed
A sentence consists of a subject and a predicate.
- The lazy dog dozed.
- Peter ran away quickly.
- He was hiding under the roof.
Types of Sentences
- Declarative Sentence
- Imperative Sentence
- Interrogative Sentence
- Exclamatory Sentence
Declarative Sentence- They are setting the scene, giving the background, telling what is going on in plain, simple facts. If the sentence doesn’t involve asking a question, telling someone to do something or someone’s excited, emotional statements then it is a declarative statement.
- She did leave a message?
- You’re coming to dinner tonight! That makes me so happy!
- You aren’t impolite.
Imperative Sentence- Imperative sentences are requests, suggestions, advice, or commands.
Example – Stand up, Sit down!, Turn off the light before you leave, Go to bed!
- Put your shoes away.
- Olivia, you need to eat your vegetables.
- Please join me for dinner.
Interrogative Sentence- The sentence which asks a question is an interrogative sentence. This kind of sentence usually ends with a note of interrogation (?) instead of a period (.). An interrogative sentence can be either affirmative or negative.
- How often you go to a bar?
- How many times do you smoke?
- Does he know that I am here?
Exclamatory Sentence- An exclamatory sentence is used express a sudden emotion. It could be fear, anger, anxiety, admiration, excitement etc.
- Our team won the championship!
- I simply adore you!
- Oh, I didn’t see you come in!