Sentence

In grammar, a sentence is the basic grammatical unit. It contains a group of words and expresses a complete thought. Sentence allows us to package information so that we can express ourselves clearly and understand what others have expressed

A sentence consists of a subject and a predicate.

Example –

  • The lazy dog dozed.
  • Peter ran away quickly.
  • He was hiding under the roof.

Types of Sentences

  • Declarative Sentence
  • Imperative Sentence
  • Interrogative Sentence
  • Exclamatory Sentence

Declarative Sentence- They are setting the scene, giving the background, telling what is going on in plain, simple facts. If the sentence doesn’t involve asking a question, telling someone to do something or someone’s excited, emotional statements then it is a declarative statement.

Examples –

  • She did leave a message?
  • You’re coming to dinner tonight! That makes me so happy!
  • You aren’t impolite.

Imperative Sentence- Imperative sentences are requests, suggestions, advice, or commands.

Example – Stand up, Sit down!, Turn off the light before you leave, Go to bed!

  • Put your shoes away.
  • Olivia, you need to eat your vegetables.
  • Please join me for dinner.

Interrogative Sentence- The sentence which asks a question is an interrogative sentence. This kind of sentence usually ends with a note of interrogation (?) instead of a period (.). An interrogative sentence can be either affirmative or negative.

Examples –

  • How often you go to a bar?
  • How many times do you smoke?
  • Does he know that I am here?

Exclamatory Sentence- An exclamatory sentence is used express a sudden emotion. It could be fear, anger, anxiety, admiration, excitement etc.

Examples-

  • Our team won the championship!
  • I simply adore you!
  • Oh, I didn’t see you come in!

English Grammar Related Links

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